SeminarResearch

Seminar - Revati KUMAR and Ragnar BJORNSSON

on the 10 May 2022
from 10am to 12pm
Revati KUMAR from the Louisiana State University will give a lecture entitled Exploring Aqueous Interfaces: From Peptoid Based Micellar Assemblies to Graphene Oxide-Water Films. This lecture will be followed by the intervention of Ragnar BJORNSSON from CBM laboratory.
The research focus of the Kumar group is to investigate the effect of solvation environment on charge transport, structure and dynamics of both aqueous and non-aqueous electrolytes using molecular simulations.  An important aspect of our research is understanding the effect of secondary/non-covalent interactions on the properties of electrolytes both in the bulk and at the interface using molecular simulations. The interface is essentially a region wherein the symmetry of the bulk environment is broken and thus can include a wide range of systems from the surface of an electrode in contact with an electrolyte to an aggregate/micelle in contact with a solution. I will present two systems that my group is working on.  The first part of my talk will discuss the effect of charge placement on the self-assembly of polypeptoid based micelles in aqueous solutions. Peptoids are a class of peptide mimics with the side group on the nitrogen atom instead of the alpha carbon as in peptides. The side groups can be hydrophobic, neutral hydrophilic and charged hydrophilic and their judicious placement on the backbone can result in the formation of micelles. The focus in this part of the talk will be on understanding the subtle interplay between electrostatic forces, hydrophilic and hydrophobic interactions that can, in turn, govern micellar shape. The second part of my talk will focus on graphene oxide (GO)-aqueous solution interfaces. This interface is critical for many exciting GO-based technologies such as water purification, catalysis, energy storage and proton exchange membranes. The questions that will be discussed are whether the interfacial waters are highly ordered or not and whether the surface is reactive. Comparisons between conventional force-fields and first principles ab initio molecular simulations will be discussed and the results partially validated on recent vibrational sum frequency generation spectroscopy data.

Location

Saint-Martin-d'Hères - Domaine universitaire
Rassat amphitheatre (André Rassat building)
Mis à jour le 27 April 2022